7 Essential Items to Include in Your Finch’s Cage [GUIDE]


Creating a comfortable, enriching environment for your finch isn’t just about buying a cage and throwing in some food and water. It involves a meticulous setup that caters to your feathered friend’s needs for safety, mental stimulation, and overall well-being.

If you’ve ever found yourself pondering what do finches need in their cage, you’re not alone.

The answer involves various components, from the essentials like comfortable perches to extras that promote mental health.

This blog post will provide detailed information on the seven essential items your finch needs in its cage, why they are important, and how to ensure your birdy buddy lives a fulfilling life.

Why Cage Setup is Important for Finch Welfare

You see, a cage is not just a cage; it’s like a mini-ecosystem designed to replicate, as closely as possible, the finch’s natural environment. And we’re not just talking aesthetics here; we’re diving deep into the bird’s physiological and psychological needs.

Space to Roam: Finches are social birds that enjoy flying and exploring. Limited space can lead to stress, and a stressed bird is more susceptible to illness.

Mental Stimulation: Next on the list is mental well-being. Finches are quite intelligent, and a dull, unstimulating environment can lead to boredom and destructive behavior.

Comfort and Security: Lastly, your finch needs to feel secure in its cage. A proper setup can prevent hazards like tangled feathers or ingesting harmful materials.

Understanding the Perfect Cage Size

You might be thinking, “Hey, it’s a bird. How much space can it possibly need?” But, ah, you’d be surprised.

For Single Finch

If you’re housing a single finch, a minimum cage size of 18 inches in length, 18 inches in height, and 18 inches in width is the go-to. This gives your bird enough room to stretch its wings and engage in natural behaviors. In metric measurements, that’s about 46 cm x 46 cm x 46 cm.

For Multiple Finches

Got a charm of finches? Lucky you! A cage measuring at least 30 inches by 18 inches by 18 inches (or 76 cm x 46 cm x 46 cm) should be the starting point. More finches require more space—not just for flying but also for perches, food dishes, toys, and whatnot.

Room to Fly: Finches love flying short distances, so having a longer cage rather than taller is beneficial.

Keeping the Peace: Personal space is essential for reducing squabbles in a multi-finch environment. Ever heard the saying, “Good fences make good neighbors?” Well, in this case, more room makes happier finches.

Economy of Space: Be cautious not to overcrowd the cage with too many items, no matter how essential they may seem. Your finches need room to move freely.

What Are The Must-Have Items For Your Pet Finch’s Cage

Here are the seven (7) essential items to include inside the cage;

1. Comfortable Perches

Materials Matter: Opt for natural wood perches over plastic or metal, which can be slippery and uncomfortable. Natural wood also helps keep your bird’s nails trimmed.

Variety is Key: Just like you wouldn’t want to sit in the same position all day, your finch appreciates different perch diameters for foot exercise.

Height and Placement: Place perches at different heights but make sure they are not directly above food or water dishes. This will prevent fecal contamination.

Splurge a Bit: If you want to make things more interesting, invest in swings or even spiral rope perches. It’s not just about standing; it’s about enjoying the stand!

2. Nutritious Food and Feeding Trays

Types of Food

Seed Mix: A high-quality seed mix designed for finches should be the mainstay of your bird’s diet. Look for a mix that includes a variety of seeds like millet, canary seed, and sunflower seeds.

Pellets: Some experts recommend supplementing seed diets with pelleted food, which is often more nutrient-dense.

Fresh Foods: Don’t forget fresh fruits and veggies! Think apples, spinach, and cucumber slices.

Feeding Trays

Go for shallow feeding trays or dishes that are easy to clean. You can opt for hanging trays, but make sure they’re secure.

Do Finches Need a Nest in Their Cage? Well, nests aren’t primarily for feeding, but they can be a place where your finch eats snacks or treats, so why not?

Location Matters: Place the feeding trays away from perches to minimize contamination.

Can Finches Eat Mealworms? Absolutely! Mealworms are like the dessert of the bird world. But they should be given in moderation. Learn more about it in our post Can Finches Eat Mealworms?.

3. Fresh Water Supply

You’ve sorted the perches, got the food down pat, but let’s not forget about H2O! Water is just as essential for your finch as it is for you. So, let’s get into it.

Types of Water Dishes

Bowl: A simple, shallow bowl works, but make sure it’s not so deep your bird could fall in.

Water Dispenser: These can be a bit more hygienic and less prone to contamination since the water reservoir is separate.

Automatic Waterer: If you want to level up, automated systems can keep water fresh for longer periods.


Placement: Like with food, place the water dish away from perches to avoid contamination.

Temperature: Room-temperature water is usually best. Too hot or too cold can shock your finch’s system.

Hygiene: Clean water dishes daily to prevent bacterial growth. Your birdie deserves clean water, always.

The amount of water you’ll need will vary based on the number of finches and the temperature. It’s generally around a couple of fluid ounces per day (or around 60 milliliters).

4. Bird-safe Toys

Alright, now that the basics are covered, let’s move on to the fun stuff: toys! You wouldn’t want to be stuck in a room with nothing to do, and neither does your finch.

Types of Toys

Swings and Ladders: These can serve as both a perch and a plaything. Two birds, one stone—get it?

Mirrors: Many finches enjoy a good look at themselves. But be cautious; some birds can become obsessed.

Rattling and Jingling Toys: A small bell or a rattle can keep a finch entertained but make sure they’re securely attached to avoid any accidents.

Do Finches Need Toys in Their Cage? Short answer—yes! Toys help stimulate your finch mentally and can prevent boredom.

Safety Tips

Materials: Stick with toys made of bird-safe materials like untreated wood, stainless steel, or bird-safe plastics.

Size Matters: Make sure the toys are appropriate for your finch’s size to prevent choking hazards.

Rotation: Keep things fresh by rotating the toys every week or so. Nobody likes reruns, not even finches!

5. Adequate Space and Cage Setup

Cage Size and Shape

Dimensions: For a single finch, a cage that is at least 18 inches long, 18 inches wide, and 24 inches high (45 cm x 45 cm x 60 cm) is generally recommended.

Shape: Go for rectangular or square cages rather than round ones. Round cages can make birds feel insecure.

Bar Spacing: Make sure the bars are spaced no more than 1/2 inch apart to prevent escapes or injuries.

How Do You Set Up a Finch Cage?

Great question! Start with the basics like perches, food, and water, then add the toys and other accessories. Place heavier items lower down to minimize the risk of accidents.

Ventilation and Light: Ensure the cage is well-ventilated and placed in a location that gets natural light but isn’t directly in the sun.

Should I Cover My Finch Cage at Night? Most finches prefer a dark, quiet environment for sleeping, so a cage cover can help, especially if the room has a lot of ambient light.

Accessibility: Ensure the cage has easily accessible doors for feeding and cleaning. The last thing you want is to struggle whenever you need to reach inside.

6. Regular Cleaning Supplies

Cleaning Tools You’ll Need

Brushes and Scrubbers: A set of non-toxic brushes or scrubbers to clean off food and droppings from the cage bars and floor.

Disinfectant: An avian-safe disinfectant is a must for eliminating germs and bacteria. Always rinse thoroughly after using any cleaning agents.

Paper Liners or Bedding: These will catch droppings and food scraps, making cleaning easier. Opt for unscented, dye-free varieties.

Frequency and Routine

Daily Checks: Remove any uneaten food and replace water daily. Your finch deserves only the freshest!

Weekly Cleans: Once a week, take everything out and thoroughly scrub the cage. Trust me, your bird will appreciate a clean home.

7. Nesting Material and Privacy

Last but certainly not least, let’s talk about making your finch feel truly at home. Think of this as the cherry on top of your well-crafted finch haven.

Types of Nesting Materials

Natural Fibers: Materials like coconut fiber or jute make excellent nesting options.

Untreated Paper: Strips of newspaper or paper towels can also be used but avoid anything with ink or dyes.

Do Finches Need a Nest in Their Cage? Absolutely, especially if you’re planning on breeding. Even if you’re not, a nest provides a sense of security and comfort.

Privacy and Placement

Hidden Corners: Finches like a bit of seclusion, so place the nest in a more private part of the cage.

Accessibility: Make sure the nesting area is easily accessible but not directly in the line of foot (or wing) traffic.

Covering: Consider adding some foliage or fabric to offer extra privacy. Just ensure it’s safe and non-toxic.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Questions always pop up when you’re taking on a new project, especially one as important as setting up a perfect home for your pet finch. So let’s tackle some of the most commonly asked questions.

Q1: What Is the Minimum Cage Size for a Finch?

The minimum recommended cage size for a single finch is 18 inches long, 18 inches wide, and 24 inches high. For our UK readers, that’s approximately 45 cm x 45 cm x 60 cm.

Q2: Do Finches Use Birdhouses?

Typically, finches prefer nests over birdhouses. However, birdhouses can be used for shelter and added enrichment. To get the scoop on this, head over to our article Do Finches Use Birdhouses?.

Q3: Should the Cage Be Covered at Night?

It’s a good idea to cover the cage at night to provide a quiet, dark environment for your finch to sleep.

Q4: How Often Should I Clean the Cage?

A thorough cleaning should be done at least once a week, with daily spot checks for food and water replacement.


From perches to privacy, we’ve covered the ins and outs of what your finch needs to live its best life. I hope this guide has given you the essential knowledge to set up a cozy, comfortable, and stimulating environment for your feathery friend.

Remember, the key to a happy finch is not just the accessories you put in the cage, but also the love and attention you provide. Frequent cleaning, a balanced diet, and a little bit of playtime can go a long way in keeping your pet chirpy and healthy.

Whether you’re a finch-fancier or a novice bird parent, I’m confident that you’re well-equipped to make your bird’s cage a true sanctuary. Keep those wings flapping and those beaks chirping in delight!

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